FAQ: HOW DO I COOK THE PERFECT RICE
WHY & WHEN IT GOES WRONG & WAYS TO RECTIFY IT
1) TYPE OF RICE: There are many varieties and brands of rice. Each type of rice has a different starch content, shape and sizes and undergone different processing procedures. Those rice with high starch contents will produce stickier results than those that have less starch. These qualities, hence the rice used, will affect the end results.
2) WASHING THE RICE: Starch present in the rice will cause the rice to stick together. The type of rice determines the amount of starch present to begin with.
Washing the rice before cooking helps remove some of the loose starch in the rice. Washing ensures that the loose starch, (and other yuck!) is washed away therefore causes less sticking of the cooked grains and you end up with a fluffy dish. Wash the rice with COLD water several times until the water runs clear.
3) SOAKING THE RICE: Some recipes call for the rice to be soaked before cooking.
4) After washing/soaking the rice, ensure it is is fully drained so that your liquid measurements are not off balanced.
5) AMOUNT OF COOKING LIQUID USED: The amount of liquid used to cook the rice will affect its end result too. Too much liquid will end up with a mushy dish but too little will result in uncooked rice. The ratio of rice to liquid is USUALLY 1:2 however this will depend on the TYPE OF RICE used. You can experiment with the type of rice you have and personal preference.
TIP: If you do not have a measuring cup, Use the same container for measuring the rice and water.
6) TECHNIQUE USED: Different recipes will call for different techniques which will affect the end result. e.g constant stirring while the rice is cooking results in a stickier and creamier rice like in risotto. So if you would like a fluffy rice, start with the right type of rice and keep stirring to a minimum.
However, be aware that different rice are more suitable for certain cooking techniques. E.g Indian rices are more suitable for dishes with single grains that remain separate, while Chinese rices stick together to make sticky dishes.
7) POST- COOKING RESTING PERIOD- This is essential for fluffy single grained rice. Once the rice is fully cooked remove from the heat and fluff up with a fork. After fluffing up, it is essential that you let it rest (UNCOVERED) for about 5 minutes as it helps with the moisture re-distribution and you end up with the perfect fluffed up rice!